F. Scott Fitzgerald: The Curious Case of Benjamin Button

The Curious Case of Benjamin Button is a short story by F. Scott Fitzgerald, the renowned American author best known for his classic novel, The Great Gatsby. Originally published in 1922, the story explores the life of Benjamin Button, a man who ages in reverse – he is born as an elderly man and grows progressively younger as time passes. The narrative delves into themes such as the passage of time, societal expectations, and the complexities of human relationships, all while maintaining a touch of whimsy and dark humor.


number of pages: 55
literary movement: MODERNISM
literary genre: SHORT STORY, FANTASY
1st edition: 1922


The story begins in 1860, with the birth of Benjamin Button in Baltimore, Maryland. His parents, Roger and Hildegarde Button, are astonished to discover that their newborn son appears to be a 70-year-old man. Despite his aged appearance, Benjamin possesses the mental faculties of a child, creating a unique set of challenges for his family. As Benjamin grows up, his father attempts to mold him into a normal child, forcing him to engage in typical youthful activities and wear age-appropriate clothing. However, these efforts prove futile as Benjamin’s physical appearance continues to grow younger.

As Benjamin navigates life, he faces the challenges that come with his peculiar condition. His relationships with others are strained, as his true age and appearance are perpetually at odds. He experiences love, marriage, and fatherhood, all while grappling with the reality of his ever-changing physical form. Benjamin’s unique situation leads him to question societal norms and expectations, as he must constantly adapt to the shifting circumstances of his life.

Throughout the story, Fitzgerald employs a blend of humor and poignancy to examine the human experience of aging and the societal conventions that shape our lives. The tale poses questions about the nature of time and the extent to which individuals are defined by their age. Furthermore, it explores the challenges faced by those who do not fit neatly into society’s mold, offering a broader commentary on the human desire for acceptance and understanding.


Benjamin Button

The protagonist of the story, Benjamin is born as an old man with the appearance of a 70-year-old and ages in reverse, becoming younger as time passes. His life is filled with struggles as he adapts to the changes brought by his unique condition.

Roger Button

Benjamin’s father, a successful businessman, who is initially ashamed of his son’s peculiar condition but learns to accept and support him as he grows younger.

Hildegarde Moncrief

The woman Benjamin falls in love with and marries when they are both middle-aged. She is initially attracted to Benjamin’s maturity but grows distant as he becomes younger and she ages.

Roscoe Button

Benjamin’s son, who experiences a complex relationship with his father due to Benjamin’s reverse aging. As he grows older, he becomes embarrassed by his father’s increasingly youthful appearance.

These are the main characters in The Curious Case of Benjamin Button. The story focuses on Benjamin’s life journey, as well as the relationships and experiences that shape him and those around him.

Our lives are defined by opportunities, even the ones we miss.



  • Unique Premise: The story revolves around the life of Benjamin Button, who is born as an old man and ages in reverse, becoming younger as time passes.
  • F. Scott Fitzgerald: The author of The Great Gatsby wrote this short story, first published in 1922 in Colliers Magazine.
  • Commentary on Society: The story offers a satirical look at societal norms, as Benjamin’s condition challenges the traditional expectations of aging and life stages.
  • Family Dynamics: Benjamin’s relationships with his family, particularly his father and his son, are central themes in the story, exploring the complexities of love, pride, and embarrassment.
  • Romance: Benjamin’s love story with Hildegarde Moncrief, whom he marries when they are both middle-aged, adds emotional depth to the tale.
  • World War I: The story is set against the backdrop of World War I, adding historical context and shaping Benjamin’s experiences.
  • Aging and Youth: The story raises questions about the nature of age and youth, as Benjamin’s experiences contrast with those of people aging in the conventional manner.
  • Adaptation and Change: Benjamin’s unusual condition forces him to adapt to different stages of life and deal with the consequences of his reverse aging.
  • Exploration of Identity: As Benjamin’s physical appearance and abilities change, he grapples with his sense of self and the expectations of those around him.
  • Movie Adaptation: The Curious Case of Benjamin Button was adapted into a critically acclaimed film in 2008, directed by David Fincher and starring Brad Pitt and Cate Blanchett.


The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008) is a romantic drama film directed by David Fincher and starring Brad Pitt and Cate Blanchett. The film is loosely based on F. Scott Fitzgerald’s short story of the same name. The movie tells the story of Benjamin Button, a man who is born with the appearance and physical ailments of an elderly man and ages in reverse. Throughout his life, he experiences love, loss, and the various joys and challenges that come with living a life that defies the natural aging process.

The film is known for its stunning visual effects, which were used to depict the reverse-aging process of the protagonist. The movie received critical acclaim for its acting, direction, and storytelling. It was nominated for 13 Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Actor for Brad Pitt. It won three Oscars, including Best Art Direction, Best Makeup, and Best Visual Effects.

The Curious Case of Benjamin Button explores themes of love, mortality, and the passage of time. The film’s unique narrative structure and memorable performances by its lead actors have made it a memorable and thought-provoking viewing experience for audiences.

The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008)


The Curious Case of Benjamin Button is a captivating exploration of the passage of time and the complexities of human relationships. Its engaging and imaginative premise, combined with Fitzgerald’s vivid prose and keen observations, make it a memorable and thought-provoking read. The story’s unique perspective on life and aging has resonated with readers for nearly a century and continues to be celebrated as a timeless piece of American literature.



Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald was an American author celebrated for his novels and short stories that capture the spirit of the Jazz Age. His works, including The Great Gatsby and Tender Is the Night, are renowned for their lyrical prose, vivid characters, and exploration of themes such as wealth, love, and the American Dream. Through his writings, Fitzgerald left an indelible mark on 20th-century literature.


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