J. K. Rowling: Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone

Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, the first installment in J.K. Rowling’s iconic Harry Potter series, introduces readers to the magical world of wizards, witches, and the titular protagonist, Harry Potter. The novel has captivated audiences worldwide, enchanting readers of all ages with its engaging characters, imaginative world-building, and themes of friendship, courage, and the power of love.


number of pages: 223
literary movement: POSTMODERNISM
literary genre: FANTASY
1st edition: 1997
years of writing: 1990 - 1997


The story begins with the orphaned Harry Potter living a miserable life with his cruel aunt, uncle, and cousin, the Dursleys. On his eleventh birthday, Harry discovers that he is actually a wizard and has been accepted to Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. This revelation upends his life, as he learns that his parents, James and Lily Potter, were powerful wizards murdered by the dark wizard, Lord Voldemort. Voldemort’s attempt to kill baby Harry backfired, leaving him with a lightning-shaped scar and the unexpected ability to speak Parseltongue, the snake language.

At Hogwarts, Harry befriends Ron Weasley and Hermione Granger, forming a bond that becomes the cornerstone of their adventures throughout the series. Together, they navigate the magical world of Hogwarts, with its moving staircases, enchanted portraits, and an array of fascinating creatures. Under the tutelage of wise and enigmatic headmaster Albus Dumbledore and a host of other colorful professors, Harry and his friends learn the intricacies of magic, including spells, potions, and the art of flying on broomsticks.

As the school year unfolds, Harry uncovers the mystery of the Philosopher’s Stone, a magical artifact with the power to grant immortality. He learns that someone within Hogwarts is attempting to steal the stone, which is hidden within the school’s depths. Harry, Ron, and Hermione become embroiled in a dangerous adventure to protect the stone, facing a series of magical challenges, including a life-sized game of Wizard’s Chess and a room filled with flying keys.

The trio’s quest ultimately leads them to confront the treacherous Professor Quirrell, who has been secretly harboring Lord Voldemort’s weakened spirit. In a climactic showdown, Harry defeats Quirrell and Voldemort, safeguarding the Philosopher’s Stone and preventing the dark wizard’s return to power, at least for the time being.

Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone is a coming-of-age tale that explores themes of friendship, bravery, and self-discovery, as Harry learns about his true heritage and begins to forge his identity as a wizard. The novel also touches on the battle between good and evil, the importance of choices, and the power of love, as embodied by the protection Harry’s mother’s sacrifice provides him.


1st book – Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone
2nd book – Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets
3rd book – Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban
4th book – Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire
5th book – Harry Potter and the Order of Phoenix
6th book – Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
7th book – Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows


Harry Potter

The protagonist of the story, Harry is a young orphan who discovers that he is a wizard and embarks on a journey to learn about his magical heritage and attend Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry.

Ron Weasley

A loyal and brave friend, Ron comes from a large, loving wizarding family and forms a close bond with Harry and Hermione. He often provides comic relief and emotional support throughout their adventures.

Hermione Granger

A highly intelligent and studious witch, Hermione becomes one of Harry’s closest friends at Hogwarts. She is known for her resourcefulness and extensive knowledge of magic, often helping the trio overcome various challenges.

Albus Dumbledore

The wise and eccentric headmaster of Hogwarts, Dumbledore serves as a mentor to Harry and plays a crucial role in guiding him throughout his journey in the wizarding world.

Rubeus Hagrid

The lovable half-giant gamekeeper at Hogwarts, Hagrid is a loyal friend to Harry, Ron, and Hermione. He is passionate about magical creatures and introduces Harry to the world of magic.

Draco Malfoy

A fellow student at Hogwarts, Draco is a cunning and arrogant young wizard from a wealthy, pure-blood family. He frequently clashes with Harry and his friends, serving as a primary antagonist throughout the series.

Severus Snape

The enigmatic Potions Master at Hogwarts, Snape is a complex character with a deep connection to Harry’s past. He often appears as an antagonist, but his true intentions remain mysterious.

Minerva McGonagall

The stern yet fair Transfiguration Professor and Deputy Headmistress at Hogwarts, McGonagall is a strong, capable witch who often supports Harry and his friends in their adventures.

Neville Longbottom

A fellow Gryffindor student, Neville is initially portrayed as clumsy and forgetful but proves himself to be courageous and resilient when facing danger.

Lord Voldemort

The primary antagonist of the series, Voldemort is a powerful and evil dark wizard who murdered Harry’s parents and seeks to dominate the wizarding world. In the Philosopher’s Stone, he is a weakened presence, relying on others to restore his power.

Fear of a name increases fear of the thing itself.



  • Introduction to the Wizarding World: The book introduces readers to the magical world of Harry Potter, a hidden society of witches and wizards that exists alongside the ordinary, non-magical world.
  • Harry’s Discovery of his Magical Heritage: The story begins with Harry learning that he is a wizard and the son of two powerful and well-respected witches and wizards who were killed by the dark wizard Voldemort.
  • Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry: Harry’s enrollment at Hogwarts, a school for young witches and wizards, serves as the primary setting for the story and introduces readers to a variety of magical subjects, creatures, and traditions.
  • Friendship and Loyalty: Harry’s strong friendships with fellow students Hermione Granger and Ron Weasley are central to the story, highlighting the importance of loyalty, trust, and teamwork.
  • The Philosopher’s Stone: The central plot revolves around the mysterious Philosopher’s Stone, an object with the power to grant immortality, and the trio’s efforts to prevent it from falling into the wrong hands.
  • The struggle between Good and Evil: Throughout the book, the conflict between the forces of good, represented by Harry and his friends, and the forces of evil, represented by Voldemort and his followers, is a central theme.
  • The Role of Fate and Destiny: Harry’s journey is marked by the idea of destiny and the belief that he is destined to play a significant role in the ongoing struggle between good and evil.
  • The Importance of Courage and Determination: Harry, Hermione, and Ron face numerous challenges and dangers throughout the story, demonstrating courage, resourcefulness, and determination in their efforts to protect the Philosopher’s Stone.
  • The Power of Love and Sacrifice: The protective power of love is a recurring theme, as Harry’s mother’s sacrificial love saved his life as a baby and continues to shield him from harm.
  • Magical Creatures and Spells: The book is filled with a variety of magical creatures, such as house-elves, unicorns, and three-headed dogs, as well as numerous spells and potions that add depth and wonder to the story.

In conclusion, Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone is a magical and enchanting introduction to the beloved Harry Potter series, featuring rich world-building, engaging characters, and a story that resonates with readers of all ages. The novel sets the stage for the subsequent adventures of Harry, Ron, and Hermione, as they continue to uncover the mysteries of the wizarding world and confront the darkness that lies ahead.


British Book Award for Children's Book of the Year
Mythopoeic Award Nomination
Smarties Prize
Locus Award Nomination


Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, released as Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone in the United States, is a 2001 fantasy film directed by Chris Columbus and based on J.K. Rowling’s best-selling novel of the same name. The movie marked the beginning of the immensely popular Harry Potter film franchise, which went on to span eight films over a decade.

The film follows the story of young Harry Potter (played by Daniel Radcliffe), an orphaned boy who discovers on his eleventh birthday that he is a wizard. He is invited to attend Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry, where he learns about the magical world, makes new friends, and uncovers the dark secrets of his past. At Hogwarts, Harry meets Hermione Granger (Emma Watson) and Ron Weasley (Rupert Grint), who become his closest friends and allies throughout the series.

Throughout the film, the trio embarks on a thrilling adventure to protect the Philosopher’s Stone, a powerful magical artifact that grants immortality, from the clutches of the evil Lord Voldemort, the dark wizard responsible for the deaths of Harry’s parents. Along the way, they learn valuable lessons about friendship, bravery, and the power of love.

Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone (2001)
Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets (2002)
Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban (2004)
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (2005)
Harry Potter and the Order of Phoenix (2007)
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince (2009)
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows 1 (2010)
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows 2 (2011)



Joanne Rowling, known by her pen name J.K. Rowling, is a British author and philanthropist best known for creating the beloved Harry Potter series. Born on July 31, 1965, Rowling has inspired millions of readers worldwide with her imaginative storytelling and unforgettable characters. In this comprehensive article, we will explore the life of J.K. Rowling, her most popular works, and the lasting impact she has had on the world of literature.


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